In a recent candid conversation with Chris Wallace on “Who’s Talking to Chris Wallace?” Suze Orman, a prominent figure in personal finance, shared her concerns about the financial literacy of the average American.
Suze Orman is a financial advisor, author, and television personality known for her straightforward and engaging approach to personal finance. She has written several books on the topic of personal financial management, many of which have been on bestseller lists. Orman’s work often focuses on helping individuals gain control over their financial lives, emphasizing the importance of financial independence and security. She has hosted her own television show, “The Suze Orman Show,” on CNBC from 2002 to 2015, where she offered financial advice to viewers, often in a direct and empathetic manner. Orman is also a frequent contributor to various media outlets where she discusses financial issues. Her advice typically covers a range of topics, including savings, investment, retirement planning, credit, and debt management.
According to a report by Ryan Ermey for CNBC’s Make It, Orman, known for her relatable communication style and her podcast “Women & Money (and Everyone Smart Enough to Listen),” as well as her role as co-founder of SecureSave, a company dedicated to emergency savings, suggested that a staggering 95% of Americans might not be financially literate.
Orman’s assessment points to a widespread lack of understanding of basic financial instruments and planning tools. She noted that many individuals are unfamiliar with terms like Roth IRA, 529 plans, and even the fundamental components of estate planning such as wills, trusts, and durable powers of attorney for healthcare. This gap in knowledge is not limited to the general public; even Wallace admitted to not recognizing all the terms mentioned.
Financial literacy, as Orman outlined, extends beyond knowing terminology; it’s about understanding how to effectively save for retirement and manage one’s estate. She explained that traditional retirement accounts like 401(k)s and IRAs offer immediate tax benefits, while Roth accounts, which she favors, provide tax-free withdrawals under certain conditions. This distinction is crucial for individuals to make informed decisions about their retirement savings strategies.
Estate planning, often overlooked, is another critical area where Orman sees a knowledge deficit. She stressed the importance of having a will, which dictates asset distribution after one’s death, and other documents like powers of attorney and advance directives that ensure an individual’s wishes are respected if they become incapacitated. Orman emphasized that without such planning, the government would ultimately make these decisions.
The discussion also touched on 529 plans, tax-advantaged investment vehicles designed for educational savings, highlighting the benefits and the importance of understanding the associated tax implications.
Orman’s comments underscore the necessity of financial education, suggesting that it should be mandatory for students to learn about loans, compounding interest, and other financial concepts before graduating high school. She encouraged those who feel overwhelmed by financial jargon not to feel discouraged but to seek guidance from financial advisors.
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