Census Bureau data release will reveal congressional district winners and losers

The Census Bureau’s first release of data from its 2020 survey will reveal population counts for the country and its states, along with winners and losers of congressional seats, on Monday.

The U.S. House of Representatives has 435 seats, determined by apportionment totals from the Census Bureau. Every decade, as population shifts, the allotment of seats for each state may change. States that have grown may gain House members, at the expense of shrinking states. 

The population for apportionment includes residents of the 50 states, plus overseas service members and federal civilian employees who are attached to their home state’s tally, according to the Census Bureau.

Related: Robert Santos could make history as first person of color confirmed to lead U.S. Census Bureau

The release of the apportionment numbers Monday afternoon comes almost four months later than planned because of delays caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and anomalies discovered in the data as the numbers were being crunched.

COVID-19 delayed delivery of Census questionnaires for hard-to-reach populations during the 2020 spring quarantine and delayed operations since then to reach households that failed to respond. 

In December, political consulting firm Election Data Services used preliminary 2020 population data to preview the potential winners and losers in reapportionment. 

According to its projections, seven states would gain districts and 10 would lose districts.

Texas stands to win big, adding three seats to its current 36. Florida could add two, jumping to 29 House seats. Among the seven states poised to increase their voice in the House, only Florida and North Carolina are on the East Coast, with Arizona, Colorado, Montana and Oregon joining Texas in the West with population increases. 

In the loss column, West Virginia could lose a third of its three House seats and Rhode Island could drop by half, to just one seat. Traditional Democratic strongholds California, Illinois and New York all could lose a seat. And part of the “blue wall” that helped Joe Biden win the presidency — Michigan and Pennsylvania — may lose a seat.

Contributing: Associated Press

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