Oil Set to Eke Out a Weekly Gain With Virus Fears Capping Prices

Oil is poised to post a second straight weekly gain, buoyed by an improving global economic picture and rising U.S. gasoline demand.

U.S.industrial production increased for a third straight month in July. Elsewhere, China’seconomic recovery continued in last month, with industrial output growing at the same pace as June due to overseas demand, according to data released Friday. Consultants are expecting the world’s biggest oil importer toboost its purchases for later in the year, potentially adding support to crude.

Earlier in the week, U.S. crude stockpiles declined after imports from Saudi Arabia dropped and gasoline consumption increased.

Futures are “hanging in there,” said John Kilduff, a partner at Again Capital LLC. “We continue to draw down at a pretty decent clip in crude oil and it looks like the Saudis are going to continue to hold back some of their supply to the U.S., making it look like things are tightening.”

Growing signs of a resurgence of the coronavirus has highlighted the patchy recovery in oil consumption, capping any price rally. A rebound in U.S. retail sales slowed sharply in July, indicating a surge inCovid-19 and still-high unemployment cooled the economic recovery. On Thursday, the International Energy Agencydowngraded a majority of its demand forecasts for the next 18 months.

“There’s reasons to be optimistic, driving demand has gone up, and you’ve drawn some crude oil,” said Michael Hiley, head of over-the-counter energy trading at New York-based LPS Futures. However, “you’re one big spike away from reversing this thing right back down.”

Prices
  • West Texas Intermediate for September delivery edged 23 cents lower to $42.01 a barrel as of 11:31 a.m. in New York
  • Brent for October settlement dipped 25 cents to $44.71

The 3-2-1 refining margin for combined gasoline and diesel against WTI, which provides a rough gauge of profitability for processing a barrel of crude, continues to trade below $10 a barrel, its lowest seasonal level in almost a decade. With the pandemic wreaking havoc on gasoline demand during what is usually the summer driving season, the narrowing margin signals the decreasing appeal for refiners to buy up more crude.

In physical markets, WTI’s discount to Dubai narrowed 11 cents to -$1.30, its smallest since April 16, according to PVM.

Other oil-market news
  • The downfall of storied Singapore oil traderLim Oon Kuin reached a new nadir Friday, with the founder of Hin Leong (Pte) Ltd. charged with abetment of forgery for the purpose of cheating, punishable by up to 10 years in prison.
  • Rosneft PJSC returned to profit in the second quarter as cost cuts, lower taxes and foreign-exchange gains helped offset a historic slump in crude prices. However, the result may not be sufficient for the company to pay a dividend for the first half.
  • Venezuela’s long-suffering oil industry is ramping up exports even as production continues its inexorable slide.

— With assistance by James Thornhill, Elizabeth Low, and Alex Longley

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